Mga Pahina

Miyerkules, Oktubre 9, 2013


A healer mixing concoction 

libreta with oraciones, amulets, testamento or erroneously called taladro, incense and candles 

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Mananambal is a Filipino healer utilizing traditional medicine: a medicine man who
 is also capable of performing sorcery to reverse hex and punish evil spirits or sorcerer. The 
mananambal treats both natural and supernatural maladies. The appellation mananambal is 
a derivative of the term for the art of panambal or "traditional folk healing" in the Philippines, 
a term used most especially in the islands of Siquijor and Bohol in the Visayas. The term is 
synonymous with the Tagalog word albularyo, a type of folk healer.

The mananambal uses a combination of traditional practice and Christian beliefs. The 
amalgamation of folk healing and Christian spiritism may have begun at the onset of the 
Spanish influence in the Philippines – when Magellan converted the Queen of Cebu to
Catholicism. The mananambal observed the marked success in exorcism of the Spanish 
friars and wished for their part to be mediums of the high spirit (the Holy Spirit) that granted 
the Catholic friars such power. This link with the Catholic faith is evident in their yearly quest, 
called pangalap, for materials used as ingredients in the concoctions for their traditional 
practice. The pangalap begins seven Fridays after.
Ash Wednesday, prior to the Christian observance of Holy Week. It culminates on Good 
Friday and Black Saturday. The mananambal also uses orasyones or "magical prayers".

Mananambals acquire their knowledge in healing or sorcery from their ancestors or through
spirit intercession. They also learn "orasciones" or words of power from a book called 
"tuga" which authored and given by a spirit. 

Some of the rituals observed by the mananambal include:

  • Pangalap or pagpupuros - the aforementioned yearly search for concoction ingredients ( herbs, candles, potion, oil, amulets etc.)
  • Halad - ritual offering of food and drink to honor the spirits of the dead
  • Palínà - ritual fumigation accompanied by prayers; called tu-ob in the islands of Panay and Negros
  • Pangadlip - the chopping or slicing of pangalap ingredients. 
  • Pagpagong - burning or reducing the ingredients into charcoal or ashes
  • Making of Minasa - concoctions made from the pangalap ingredients
  • Rubbing with Lana - medicinal oil concocted from coconut sometimes oraciones written on the paper are added to strengthen the healing effect of the oil. 
  • Batak- a ritual used to elevate one's spirit to become invulnerable from spiritual attack and it also empowers amulets and implements use in healing
  • Kiyaw-kiyaw - same with anyaw but the only difference is that the healer provides offering to the spirits to heal the patient afflicted with illness caused by supernatural. 
  • tuos- an object consists of grains, coins and eggs wrapped in a red cloth or sometimes black cloth and placed on the altar or above the head of the patient to determine if the spirit accepted the offering.
  • tawas- a diagnostic ritual utilizing melted alum or candle wax, dropped in a basin with water, then images are formed and interpreted according to the nature of illness.  


The powers of sorcery may be gained after a practitioner "learns methods of malign magic and establishes a relationship with a spirit that supports this magic". Some forms of sorcery include:
  • Barang - the use of familiar spirit to inflict pain and sickness in a person
  • Haplit - using a doll to represent the victim incorporated with personal belongings( hair, cloth, picture) from the victim
  • Paktol - paktol means to "knock on the head"; the use of a skull or some other representation of the victim. Any insult done the representation, the victim feels the corresponding harm
  • Anyaw - the art of courting the favor of malign spirits with food containing no salt; the sorcerer then asks the spirit to bring harm on an intended victim. 
  • Là-gà - "to boil", the sorcerer boils objects belonging to the victim; the victim suffers from unease sleeplessness, fatigue, malaise and later, death
  • dok-dok- summoning the spirits of the dead to work on the behalf of the sorcerer. Sorcerer provides offering in exchange for the service.                                                                                                                                                                                                                     These forms of sorcery equate with the Tagalog term, Kulam and are resistant to the ministrations of Western medicine. Only a mananambal can reverse the effects of such sorcery.

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